Postcode Sector to Sector Time & Distance Matrix - Upgrade

Upgrade to the travel time in minutes and the distance by road in miles from each postcode to every other postcode

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Product Description

Updated for 2020 - Urban / Rural Classification added for Scotland

There are approximately 110 million records that give the travel time in minutes and the distance by road in miles from each postcode sector to every other postcode sector in the UK, Isle of Man and Channel Islands. Please note that although Northern Ireland is included the use of ferries, possible routes through the Irish Republic and difficulties with the road network mean these figures are only indicative for the BT Postcode Area. For the 2020 edition we have done additional work on the Irish road network so the number of No Result BT postcode sectors has been reduced.

For example, from a Birmingham to an Aberdeen postcode sector:

B18 9AB51 5418.95437.613

indicates that it would take 418 minutes (about 7 hours) for 437 miles.

The distances are calculated using the Ordnance Survey 1:10 000 Scale road network for June 2020, combined with ferry routes and Irish roads from XYZ Maps data. The route should be the fastest which may not be the shortest distance. The assumed speeds are based on and usually slightly less than the legal speed limits for the type of road.

After receiving user feedback we have now set a value of -33 as the No Result value for both Time and Distance. Previously the routing software used a default value of infinity.

The values for Rural / Urban Roads in England, Wales and Scotland and all roads elsewhere are:

Road TypeRuralUrban
Motorway60 mph40 mph
Motorway Slip Road40 mph25 mph
Trunk Dual60 mph40 mph
Trunk Single55 mph30 mph
A-road Dual60 mph30 mph
A-road Single50 mph25 mph
A Slip Road35 mph25 mph
B-road Dual50 mph25 mph
B-road Single40 mph25 mph
B Slip Road30 mph25 mph
Minor Road25 mph25 mph
Local Road20 mph20 mph
Local Access Road20 mph20 mph
Other Slip Road25 mph25 mph
Secondary Access Road15 mph15 mph
Restricted Local Access Road15 mph15 mph
Roundabout20 mph20 mph
Ferry10 mph10 mph

There is no allowance for congestion, differences between urban and rural in Scotland and Ireland, rest breaks, etc as the data was not available. In each case the start / end point is the geographic centroid of the postcode sector (i.e. the middle). From there the software takes a straight line to the nearest road, then follows the road network to the nearest point to the end point, with a straight line for the final section. There is a difference between the time and distance between the centre points of any two postcode sectors and the actual distance and time between full addresses, but this is proportionately smaller the further apart they are. In the case of the above Aberdeen to Birmingham example, there will only be a 1-2% difference between the Sector to Sector time and distance and the actual house to house time and distance. Where addresses are within the same Postcode Sector or adjacent Sectors then the calculated time / distance will be a poor estimate. A calculation from every postcode to every other postcode is not practical as this would give 1.7 million x 1.7 million combinations, so around 3 trillion results!

 The download is in two parts: Sectors starting with A to L (to all other sectors) (607 MB), and Sectors starting with M to Z (to all other sectors) (514 MB).

Licence Types:

Personal Use: Use by a private individual for personal (i.e. not for commercail gain) purposes, for example to record holiday trips. You may make prints for personal use and may include extracts not exceeding 25% of the full data product extent on a personal web site or on personal social media. If you reduce the resolution to less than one third of the original supplied by us (i.e. convert to 100 dpi instead of 300 dpi) then you may include the full extent on a personal web site or social media.

Public Web Site Use: Use on any publicly accessible corporate, commercial or government web site requires a Web Use licence. This is for one year only, but may be renewed for further years.

Charity Use: Use for the normal legitimate purposes of a registered or officially recognised charity.

School / University (Educational) Use: Use for the normal educational purposes of a school, college or university. This does not include use for paid for consultancy or other commercial research or other contract.

Commercial One User: Use by One User in any corporate, commercial or government organisation. We use the concurrent user model which means it is one person at any one time, but the actual user can be different from time to time. Includes use in reports, etc, but not commercail publishing whether for sale or free distribution. Does not include use on a publicly accessible web site.

Commercial Five Users: Up to Five Concurrent Users, otherwise as for the Commercial One User licence.

Commercial Ten Users: Up to Ten Concurrent Users, otherwise as for the Commercial One User licence.

Commercial Twenty Users: Up to Twenty Concurrent Users, otherwise as for the Commercial One User licence.

Corporate Users: Unlimited Concurrent Users within one legal entity (including direct subsidiaries), otherwise as for the Commercial One User licence.

Design / Bureau User: Not applicable for this product.

Publishing Rights: Not available for this product..

Additional Information
Additional Information
PostcodeUK, IoM & Channel Islands
RegionCentral England, Central Southern England, East Anglia, East Midlands, North East England, North England, North Scotland, North Wales, North West England, South East England, South Scotland, South Wales, South West England, South West Scottish Borders, West Midlands, Yorkshire
Finishing / FormatCSV (Text)
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